What is Pickleball? How To Play Pickleball in 2023?

What is Pickleball

Pickleball is a unique paddle sport that combines elements of tennis, badminton, and ping-pong. It is played with a solid paddle and a perforated plastic ball, often on a smaller court compared to traditional tennis. The sport’s popularity has surged in recent years, attracting players of all ages due to its accessible rules and fast-paced gameplay.

The Origins of Pickleball

Pickleball was created in 1965 by three friends, Joel Pritchard, Bill Bell, and Barney McCallum, who sought to create a new game to entertain their families. The unique name of the game has several origin legends, but it is usually assumed that it was named after the Pritchard family’s dog, Pickles, who would run after wayward balls during the game’s early days.

What is Pickleball?

Pickleball is a one-of-a-kind paddle sport that combines the best elements of numerous racquet sports. It was founded in the mid-1960s by three friends seeking a method to entertain their families: Joel Pritchard, Bill Bell, and Barney McCallum. The strange name is attributed to Pritchard’s wife, who commented that the game reminded her of a pickle boat crew, in which oarsmen were selected from the remains of earlier boats.

How To Play Pickleball?

Pickleball is played on a rectangular court, usually 20 feet wide and 44 feet long for doubles play. The game is typically played as doubles but can also be enjoyed as singles. Here’s a step-by-step breakdown of how to play pickleball:

How To Play Pickleball?
  • Serve and Start: The game begins with a serve. Stand behind the baseline and hit the ball diagonally over the net. The serve must be underhand, and the paddle should make contact with the ball below your waist. The ball must land on the opposite diagonal service court.
  • Return of Serve: After the serve, the receiving team must let the ball bounce once before hitting it. The ball must clear the net and land on the opposite diagonal service court. Players continue hitting the ball back and forth, allowing it to bounce once on each side, until someone commits a fault.
  • Non-Volley Zone (Kitchen): The non-volley zone, also known as the kitchen, is a critical area near the net. Players cannot hit the ball while standing inside the kitchen, except when the ball bounces in this area. This rule prevents players from smashing volleys close to the net.
  • Double Bounce Rule: Each team must allow the ball to bounce once on each side before hitting it out of the air. This rule encourages longer rallies and strategic shot placement.
  • Scoring: Points are scored only by the serving team. A match is typically played to 11 or 15 points, with a two-point lead required. Points are scored on every serve, and games are played until one team reaches the predetermined score.
  • Winning: The team that reaches the required number of points first wins the game. Matches are usually the best of three games.

Understanding the Rules

3.1 Serving and Scoring

In pickleball, the serving player must stand behind the baseline and hit the ball underhand. The serve must clear the non-volley zone and land on the diagonal service court. The receiving team must let the ball bounce before returning, and then play continues with both teams volleying until a fault is committed.

3.2 Court Dimensions

A pickleball court is similar in size to a badminton court, measuring 20 feet by 44 feet for doubles play. The court is divided by a net into two equal halves, and the non-volley zone extends 7 feet from the net on either side.

3.3 Gameplay Dynamics

Pickleball is played by two or four players with the goal of hitting the ball over the net so that the opposing team cannot return it. Before volleying (striking the ball before it bounces), the ball must bounce once on each side. During volleys, players must avoid stepping into the non-volley zone.

Essential Pickleball Equipment

Essential Pickleball Equipment

4.1 Paddles

Pickleball paddles are typically made from lightweight materials like wood, composite, or graphite. They have a solid surface with small holes and a handle similar to a tennis racket. Paddles come in various shapes and sizes, allowing players to choose one that suits their playing style.

4.2 Balls

Pickleball balls are plastic and have distinct hole patterns. These holes help regulate the speed and flight of the ball, making gameplay more manageable. Outdoor balls are more durable and have larger holes, while indoor balls are slightly smaller and have smaller holes to account for air resistance.

4.3 Court Surfaces and Shoes

Asphalt, concrete, and even indoor wood surfaces can be used to construct pickleball courts. To guarantee traction and minimize slippage during matches, proper court shoes with non-marking bottoms are required.

Health Benefits of Playing Pickleball

5.1 Cardiovascular Fitness

Pickleball provides an excellent cardiovascular workout as players constantly move around the court, engaging their heart and lungs. The intermittent nature of the game, with short bursts of intense activity followed by brief rests, contributes to improved cardiovascular health.

5.2 Joint Health

The low-impact nature of pickleball makes it ideal for individuals with joint issues. The sport’s movements are gentle on the joints, reducing the risk of injury and providing a platform for those looking to stay active without putting excessive strain on their bodies.

5.3 Improved Balance and Coordination

Pickleball demands quick reactions, accurate shots, and precise placement. Regular play improves balance and coordination, which benefits players in their everyday lives and lowers the risk of falls, particularly among seniors.

Getting Started: Learning the Basics

6.1 Grip and Stance

Mastering the grip and stance is fundamental to successful pickleball play. The continental grip is widely used for both forehand and backhand shots, while the ready stance allows players to move quickly and respond to different shots.

6.2 The Serve

The serve is a critical aspect of pickleball, setting the tone for the rally. Serving underhand is mandatory, and players often use a cross-court serve to initiate play and gain an advantage.

6.3 Volleys and Dinks

Volleying and dinking involve hitting the ball before it bounces. Volleys are powerful shots executed near the net, while dinks are soft, controlled shots that require finesse and precision.

Strategies and Techniques

7.1 Singles vs. Doubles Play

Pickleball can be played as singles or doubles, each with its own set of strategies. Singles demand more court coverage, while doubles emphasize teamwork, communication, and smart shot placement.

7.2 Offensive and Defensive Approaches

Players can adopt offensive or defensive strategies based on their strengths and the situation. Offensive players aim to dictate the game, while defensive players focus on reacting to their opponents’ shots.

7.3 Mastering the Third Shot Drop

The third shot drop is a strategic shot used after the serve and return. It involves hitting the ball softly to land in the non-volley zone, forcing opponents to hit upward, and creating opportunities for a winning shot.

Pickleball: A Social Phenomenon

Pickleball has evolved into more than just a sport; it’s a social activity that brings people together. Players enjoy the camaraderie, friendly competition, and shared experiences on and off the court.

Pickleball Communities and Tournaments

9.1 Local Clubs and Meetups

Across the globe, pickleball enthusiasts have formed local clubs and meetups, providing opportunities for players of all skill levels to connect, play, and improve their game.

9.2 National and International Competitions

Pickleball tournaments have gained international recognition, with players from various countries competing in events that showcase skill, teamwork, and sportsmanship.

Pickleball: Fun for All Ages

Pickleball’s simplicity, accessibility, and enjoyable gameplay make it a sport that transcends age barriers. From young children to seniors, everyone can engage in pickleball and experience the joy it brings.


Pickleball is more than just a sport; it’s a vibrant community that brings people together for friendly competition and shared enjoyment. As you embark on your Pickleball journey, remember that practice, strategy, and camaraderie are at the heart of this exciting game. Whether you’re a novice or a seasoned player, the world of Pickleball awaits, promising hours of fun, fitness, and connection.

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